Present Continuous

The Present Continuous Tense is formed from the present tense of the verb be and the present participle (-ing form) of a verb:


  1. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the present:
  • for something that is happening at the moment of speaking:

Please be quiet. The baby is sleeping

I’m just leaving work. I’ll be home in an hour.

  • for something which is happening before and after a given time:

At nine o’clock we are usually watching our favourite TV program.
When I get home my mom is making dinner in the kitchen.

  • for something which we think is temporary:

John is at university. He’s studying Management.
I’m working in London for the next two months.

  • for something which is new and contrasts with a previous state:

These days most people are using email instead of writing letters.
What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays? What sort of music are they listening to?

  • to show that something is changing, growing or developing:

The children are growing quickly.
The climate is changing rapidly.
Your English is improving.

  • for something which happens again and again:

It’s always raining in London.
They are always arguing.
Philip is funny. He’s always telling jokes.

Note: We normally use always with this use.

  1. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the future:
  • for something which has been arranged or planned:

Mary is having a birthday party on Saturday.
What are you doing this weekend?

I am seeing my dentist tomorrow.


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