The Present Continuous Tense is formed from the present tense of the verb be and the present participle (-ing form) of a verb:
- We use the present continuous tense to talk about the present:
- for something that is happening at the moment of speaking:
Please be quiet. The baby is sleeping
I’m just leaving work. I’ll be home in an hour.
- for something which is happening before and after a given time:
At nine o’clock we are usually watching our favourite TV program.
When I get home my mom is making dinner in the kitchen.
- for something which we think is temporary:
John is at university. He’s studying Management.
I’m working in London for the next two months.
- for something which is new and contrasts with a previous state:
These days most people are using email instead of writing letters.
What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays? What sort of music are they listening to?
- to show that something is changing, growing or developing:
The children are growing quickly.
The climate is changing rapidly.
Your English is improving.
- for something which happens again and again:
It’s always raining in London.
They are always arguing.
Philip is funny. He’s always telling jokes.
Note: We normally use always with this use.
- We use the present continuous tense to talk about the future:
- for something which has been arranged or planned:
Mary is having a birthday party on Saturday.
What are you doing this weekend?
I am seeing my dentist tomorrow.